Symbolic/Verbal Activities:
Activities Using Digit Cards: Differentiate the range to focus on what students need.
Suggested Materials: 4 Sets of Cards #0-5 - (Investigations provided lots of these for classrooms)

Go Fish - Students look for matches that add up to targeted sum.

SNAP - Turn over a card. The first to say the nubmer that goes with it to make targeted sum, gets the card.

Make 5 (or any target number) - Lay out a 3x3 grid of cards. Students work to quickly make combinations to targeted sum. Can be played individually or with a partner.

"Salut!" Version of making target number

*For students to be facile as a 1, they must be successful with verbal task (just knowing combinations and partitions for every number 1-5) without visual support.

Doubles Plus/Minus 1 Game to 12 - I made these up because my third graders needed a little strategy as well. This one requires a little more strategy. Good for intermediate grades.

*For students to be facile as a 3, they must be successful with verbal tasks (just knowing combinations and partitions for every number 1-10) without visual support.

Structuring Level 5: These students are probably ready for fact fluency, so any addition/subtraction game up to 20 is appropriate at this point. Working to continue non-count-by strategies and just known facts.

## Tools for Teaching Structuring

Frames and Dots Excel.xlsx

## Visible --> Partial/Flashed --> Screened/Verbal

For every structuring level, think of this sequence in teaching for 0-5, 0-10, and 0-20## Structuring Levels 0-1

Finger PatternsDot Patterns## Regular and Irregular Dot Patterns

Frames## Google Folder of 5 Frame Cards

## NCTM Five Frame Activity for Students

GamesSymbolic/Verbal Activities:Activities Using Digit Cards: Differentiate the range to focus on what students need.

Suggested Materials: 4 Sets of Cards #0-5 - (Investigations provided lots of these for classrooms)

*For students to be facile as a 1, they must be successful with verbal task (just knowing combinations and partitions for every number 1-5) without visual support.## Structuring Levels 1-2

FramesGames*For students to be facile as a 3, they must be successful with verbal tasks (just knowing combinations and partitions for every number 1-10) without visual support.## Structuring Levels 3-4

Frames:Games## Structuring Level 5: These students are probably ready for fact fluency, so any addition/subtraction game up to 20 is appropriate at this point. Working to continue non-count-by strategies and just known facts.